Friday, 03 February 2023

Bamboo Resources & its Potential Benefits


Bamboo is one of the fastest growing plant species. It is a woody grass species that, according to current status of species identification, has more than 1600 identified species. It is a versatile plant species that, as to the current technology, offer over 10,000 uses. As a result of its fast growth and versatile benefits, bamboo globally received an increasing attention since over the last 3 decades for its economic, environmental and social benefits. Its potential role and contribution to climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience building also received promising recognition in the scientific community and relevant international organizations. As a result an international multilateral development organization that specifically focuses and promotes environmentally sustainable development using bamboo and rattan was established in 1997 with the name International Bamboo and Rattan Organization (INBAR). The number of member countries is increasing over time and now it has 46 member states including Ethiopia, which indicate the global attention given to its benefits.

Bamboo resource is globally distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions. According to recent mapping, Ethiopia has 1.47 million hectare of existing bamboo resources with two indigenous species; Yushania alpina (high land bamboo) and Oxytenanthera abyssinica (low land bamboo). As part of the assessment conducted for Ethiopia’s tree based landscape restoration (FLR) potential mapping, it is realized that there is a possibility to increase the country’s bamboo resource base to over 3.5 million hectare. In addition to the two indigenous species, over 20 species were introduced from different countries via different organizations and piloted in different geographical locations across the country. However, in general, Ethiopia’s bamboo resources were underutilized as compared to its potential benefits due to different reasons.  

Bamboo has the following potential benefits to the country and citizens, if well managed and properly utilized. These include its benefits for landscape restoration including as part of agroforestry system (its uses for environmental protection, control of soil erosion, landslide and sedimentation, enhancement of quantity and quality of water resources), livelihood source, food security and rural transformation, job creation along its long value chain (both for rural + urban citizen’s), green economy development and GDP growth, climate change mitigation (carbon sequestration) and adaptation, biodiversity conservation, clean and sustainable energy source, technology transfer and development,  offering various end use products including import substitution and  promising business to engage private sectors.

Currently, different efforts are undergoing to enhance and promote bamboos potential benefits and roles across the country. These include the following;

  • Ethiopia’s Bamboo Development Strategy and Action Plan developed, endorsed and started implementation.
  • Several technical trainings on bamboo propagation, management and processing were conducted jointly with INBAR.
  • INBAR implemented several projects, including awareness creation, value addition, technology provision, and technical capacity building training.
  • Bamboo planation forest showed relative increase over recent years following the awareness, technical capacity building, input supply and enhanced interest from various development actors.
  • Number of household based enterprises engaged in bamboo processing gradually becoming increasing
  • Few private sectors engaged in bamboo industry and number of private sectors interested to invest in bamboo is gradually increasing.
  • Guiding principles for sustainable lowland bamboo forest management plan developed by CIFOR.
  • Existing forest and sustainable land management based programmes and projects in the country started to include bamboo as important component of their intervention for economic, social and environmental targets.
  • Technical guidelines on bamboo propagation and processing of some products developed to assist practitioners and actors across bamboo value chain.



Amharic_Bamboo Charcoal Production in Dome.pdf
Amharic_Bamboo Furniture Processing.pdf
Amharic_Bamboo Plantation Establishment.pdf
Amharic_Bamboo Propagation by Layering.pdf
Amharic_Bamboo Propagation by Macro Proliferation.pdf
Amharic_Bamboo Propagation from Branch Cutting.pdf
Amharic_Bamboo Propagation from Culm Cutting.pdf
Amharic_Bamboo Propagation from Rhizome_Offset.pdf
Amharic_Bamboo Propagation from Seeds.pdf
Amharic_Construction of Dome for Bamboo Charcoal.pdf
Amharic_Guideline for Management of Sympodial Bamboo Species.pdf
Amharic_Guideline for Sustainable Management of Sympodial Bamboo Species.pdf
Amharic_Maintainence of Bamboo Plantation.pdf


Bamboo Charcoal Production in Dome.pdf
Bamboo Furniture Processing.pdf
Bamboo Plantation Establishment.pdf
Bamboo Propagation by Layering.pdf
Bamboo Propagation by Macro Proliferation.pdf
Bamboo Propagation from Branch Cutting.pdf
Bamboo Propagation from Culm Cutting.pdf
Bamboo Propagation from Rhizome_Offset.pdf
Bamboo Propagation from Seeds.pdf
Bamboo Terminology.pdf
Construction of Dome for Bamboo Charcoal.pdf
Guideline for Sustainable Management of Sympodial Bamboo Species.pdf
Guidelines for Management of Sympodial Bamboo Species.pdf
Maintainence of Bamboo Plantation.pdf

Guiding Principles for Sustainable Bamboo Forest Management Plan

Guiding Principles for Sustainable Bamboo Forest Management Plan_Amharic.pdf 

Guiding Principles for Sustainable Bamboo Forest Management Plan_English.pdf

Ethiopia Bamboo Development Strategy & Action Plan.pdf

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